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According to Turkey’s Minister of Culture and Tourism, 75 million tourists are planning to visit Turkey by the year 2023; and since you are here, I am guessing that you are one of them. If that is the case, you probably have an idea of the breathtaking sites and majestic buildings you plan on touring.

Nonetheless, as a potential visitor to this beautiful country, it is best to familiarize yourself with the state of viruses and infections in Turkey. This will help you decide whether it is safe to travel to Turkey and teach you how to avoid contracting diseases and what to do if you catch a bug during your tour.

Infectious Diseases in Turkey

Like in any other country globally, Turkey has its share of infectious diseases. Unfortunately, poverty and poor living conditions in some areas have further contributed to the spread of these diseases. Some of these diseases include:

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A can be spread through contaminated shellfish, water, and other food sources. You’ll know that you have hepatitis A when you notice that your eyes start developing a yellowish color. Severe abdominal pain and fever are also hepatitis A symptoms.

Before your trip, ask for the hepatitis A vaccine to prevent contracting the disease. If not, you can receive a hepatitis A shot combined with typhoid or hepatitis B vaccines once you’re there.

Leishmaniasis disease

The chances are that you’ve never heard of the leishmaniasis disease. Spread by an infected dog or sandfly, this illness is more common in Syria. Also known as a skin lump, this can lead to fever, weight loss, and anemia.


Typhoid in Turkey can spread via water or food contaminated by fecal matter. Although it starts with a pink rash, typhoid can poison your blood. However, this can easily be avoided by receiving the typhoid vaccine before your voyage.

Travelers should also take routine vaccinations before traveling to Turkey. These include; measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, the chickenpox (varicella) vaccine, and the polio vaccine. These vaccines are mandatory for everyone.

Children aged 6-11 months should have one dose of the measles vaccine. Children older than 11 months should have two doses, separated by 28 days. 2 doses of the MMR vaccine are almost 100% effective at preventing measles.

Prevention is important!

These infections don’t necessarily mean that you cancel your trip to our country. On the contrary, if you follow the correct disease prevention measures, you can enjoy a bug-free tour of all your dream Turkish destinations. Even better, preventive measures like taking vaccines before traveling are pretty simple to execute.

While in Turkey, the responsibility for your health is still in your hands. Therefore, avoid drinking tap water while on a business or leisure trip to Turkey. Tap water typically has a lot of contaminants that won’t sit well with your body.

Therefore, instead of taking unnecessary risks:

  • Buy bottles of water.
  • Boil your tap water for up to 10 minutes
  • Bring a water filter or water purification tablets.

Also, don’t drink lake or river water while you’re in Turkey, or you may experience vomiting, diarrhea, or worse, contracting typhoid.

Environmental Hazards in Turkey

Another critical factor to keep in mind about Turkey is that there are several environmental hazards. One of these hazards can be attributed to its hot climate, making exercising outdoors in Turkey particularly risky.

The intense heat results in substantial sweat loss, reducing salt and fluid retention in your body. The resulting sick feeling is heat illness, which is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness

If you are a fitness enthusiast who desires some exciting afternoon running on one of Turkey’s trekking trails, your hopes are still intact. All you have to do is drink enough cold water to dilute your urinary tract and head off for some fun outdoor activity.

Another way to prevent heat illness is to chug a ton of fruit juice near a cooling fan. If you’ve lost a lot of salt in your body, drinking fluids like broth or soup can bring you back to life.

What’s the real deal about insect bites and stings in Turkey?

Insects can be scary, especially if they bite. They are even more frightening if you are allergic to their bites and stings. Therefore, you should know about insects found in the areas you purpose to visit.

If you plan on heading to the beach, mosquitoes and sand flies are a common feature in beach areas. On the bright side, mosquitoes are more nuisance (irritating bites) than a health risk. Therefore, as you pack to enjoy the white sandy beaches of the Mediterranean, remember with a mosquito repellant. Also, avoid marshy areas or riversides during the afternoon. If this can’t be helped, then bring a mosquito head net!

On the other hand, sandflies leave nasty bites that can turn into pappataci fever or leishmaniasis. Therefore, you will need to be more careful with these insects. Here is what you need to do to avoid sandfly bites:

  • Avoid going to the beach at dawn or staying late till dusk
  • If you can’t resist going to the beach at dawn or dusk, wear clothing that does not expose your skin
  • Apply DEET repellant to exposed skin

Sticking to coastal areas, wasps and bees are also a common feature, including in the Aegean region. Therefore, those with allergies should take precautionary measures to avoid contacting these aggressive insects. These measures include:

  • Avoid wearing fruity or floral perfumes
  • Do not wear bright tones; instead, go for muted tones
  • Don’t walk barefoot through grassy meadows
  • Don’t make any sudden movements if a bee land on you

People looking for a more inland experience away from the sea and cities may encounter scorpions, especially in Turkey’s arid areas. In particular, white scorpions can give painful stings that will plague travelers for at least one full day.

Turkey and the Coronavirus (COVID-19)

86% of the eligible population has been fully vaccinated by now. (Apr. 4, 2022)
Read more here: Complete Guide to A Safe Travel in Turkey During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Health Tips for Your Turkey Trip

Now that you know all about the infections and viruses found in Turkey let’s talk about staying safe and healthy to prepare for your trip. As discussed above, getting vaccinated beforehand is the key to preventing illnesses abroad.

  • For more peace of mind, stick to Turkish dishes that are fully cooked and served hot. Yes, that includes delicious foods like hard-boiled eggs. Besides, eating vegetables and fruits that you have prepared yourself is a safe snack.
  • Also, there’s nothing wrong with trying pasteurized dairy items in Turkey. That being said, stay away from room temperature food, soft-cooked eggs, or uncooked meat.
  • When it comes to beverages, hot Turkish tea or coffee will become your best friend. Also, pasteurized milk and carbonated drinks are safe to consume too. Be sure to bring over-the-counter prescriptions from your home country if you become ill.
  • If you need a doctor while you’re abroad, bring a list of local hospitals and doctors to visit in case of an emergency. Before your trip, take some time to talk to your insurance provider.
  • This will help you learn about what will be covered, but it’ll also let you know what services will be offered. We highly recommend buying medical evacuation and travel health insurance for your travels.

Pro tip: bring an ID card to let locals know your severe allergies, blood type, or chronic conditions in their language. Better yet, phone the Turkish Embassy ahead of time to make sure that you can bring your legal prescriptions into the country. Then, if all else fails, obtain refills.

Visiting Turkey Anytime Soon?

Are you or your family members planning on visiting Turkey anytime soon? Of course, we will be glad to have you. But before getting ready for your Turkey trip, it doesn’t hurt to look into the infections and viruses found at your destination. If you don’t have the time to research everything yourself, you’ll find what you need to know in our handy guide.

Are you feeling overwhelmed?

You can get started by picking up DEET-based insect repellent and citronella candles for your journey. Meanwhile, packing antihistamines cream and light-colored clothing is a wise idea too.

But have no fear -you should be perfectly fine during your trip to Turkey if you avoid crowds and people sneezing or coughing without covering their mouths. Also, stay away from shaking hands or touching others for good measure!

Want to have an unforgettable experience in Turkey? Get in touch to book a private tour today!